Human Rights from Below (ESCR)

PORTRAIT OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS (ESCR) VIOLATIONS IN INDONESIA JANUARY 2002– FEBRUARY 2003

“THE TWO ROOTS OF VIOLATIONS: CORRUPTION AND ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION”

Indonesia, which is located on the equator and a melting point between two oceans: the Indies and the Pacific, is rich with natural diversity. However, these abundant resources make no difference to the people’s poor welfare condition. Millions are living in poverty, while a minority (state officials and corrupt businessmen) lives in fortune without fear of being held responsible for nation-wide poverty. Likewise the violators of civil-political and economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR), they live in this country’s safe-haven – impunity continues undistracted.

This writing presents a picture as well as analysis of the promotion, protection and fulfillment of ecososc rights in Indonesia (in the period of January 2002 – February 2002), with the classification below:

  1. the right to work and the right at work.
  2. land rights;
  3. the right to housing
  4. the right to the highest attainable standard of health;
  5. the right to education;

Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation has at present 14 branches in 14 provinces, and 6 posts in support to LBH branches. Data of cases presented in this report was gathered from YLBHI data compilation and collected from the 9 branches located in provincial capital:

  1. LBH Padang, West Sumatra Province
  2. LBH Palembang, South Sumatra Province
  3. LBH Bandar Lampung, Lampung Province
  4. LBH Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta Province
  5. LBH Surabaya, East Java Province
  6. LBH Bali, Bali Province
  7. LBH Makassar, South Sulawesi Province
  8. LBH Manado, North Sulawesi Province
  9. LBH Jayapura, West Papua Province

The data above were collected from monitoring outputs and complaints submitted to YLBHI. In many cases, LBH conducted counseling and representation for victims, also advocacy before the court.

Download YLBHI Report No. 3, March 2003 (PDF, English)

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